Treatment of Edentulous Mandibular Fractures with Rigid Internal Fixation

edentulous fractures
por en 19 febrero, 2016
Publicado en News

Treatment of Edentulous Mandibular Fractures with Rigid Internal Fixation: Case Series and Literature Review.

Publication by:
Edgardo Franciosi, MD1 Eduardo Mazzaro, MD1 Juan Larranaga, MD1 Alfredo Rios, MD1 Pedro Picco, MD1 Marcelo Figari, MD1
1 Division of Head and Neck, Department of General Surgery, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Argentina
Craniomaxillofac Trauma Reconstruction 2014;7:35–42

Abstract The aim of the study is to analyze the effectiveness of rigid internal fixation (RIF) for
treating edentulous mandibular fractures. Because of the low incidence of fractures
in edentulous mandible, there is no consensus of the optimal treatment for it. This
study included all edentulous patients with mandibular fracture diagnosis, who were
treated with internal fixation at the Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires from November
1991 to July 2011. Data such as age, gender, etiology and location of fracture,
surgical approach, type of osteosynthesis used, and postoperative complications
were analyzed. A total of 18 patients, 76.2 years mean age, 12 females (66.6%),
presented a total of 35 mandibular fractures. The mandibular body was the most
common localization of the fractures. Twenty-five fractures received surgical
treatment with RIF, mainly approached extraorally. Reconstruction plates were
the most common type of fixation used. Fracture reduction was considered
satisfactory in 96.5%, with 22.2% of complications and 11.1% of reoperations
needed. Open reduction and RIF demonstrated to be a reliable method for treating
edentulous mandibular fractures. Nevertheless, there is lack of high-level recommendation
publication to support this.

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